List of Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution

» The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens.

» Indian constitution is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.
» B. R. Ambedkar is regarded as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution.
» Nearly 75 percent of the Constitution can be said to be a reproduction of the Government of India Act- 1935 with suitable adaptations and modifications.
» In the list below names of the countries and the features borrowed are listed.

Following are the Borrowed Features of Constitution from Different Countries.

Borrowed Feature
Nominal Head President (like Queen)
Cabinet System of Ministers
Post of PM
Parliamentary Type of Govt.
Bicameral Parliament
Lower House more powerful
Council of Ministers responsible to Lowe House
Speaker in Lok Sabha
Written Constitution
Executive head of state known as President and his being the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
Vice- President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Fundamental Rights
Supreme Court
Provision of States
Independence of Judiciary and judicial review
Removal of Supreme court and High court Judges
Fundamental Duties
Five year Plan
Concurrent list
Language of the preamble
Provision regarding trade, commerce and intercourse
Law on which the Supreme Court function, Due Procedure of Law
Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency
Scheme of federation with a strong centre
Distribution of powers between centre and the states and placing. Residuary Powers with the centre
Concept of Directive Principles of States Policy(Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN)
Method of election of President
Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the President
South Africa
Amendment of Constitution

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