Famous Lakes in India

» Lakes are abundant on the Indian subcontinent. What constitutes a lake in India, however, is somewhat less certain.
» According to a lakes management document prepared by Reddy and Char, two former environmental ministers, "lake" lacks a precise definition when used in India. In some cases, wetland areas are called lakes, as are man-made catchment ponds and reservoirs. Moreover, categorizing India's lakes in any meaningful way has eluded scientists because of unclear data for the subcontinent's thousands of water bodies
» A general definition of lake is: an area of variable size filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.
» Following are the major lakes in India

List of Important Lakes and their States (Location)





Lake
Location & Features
Wular Lake
»Wular Lake, located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, is often referred to as the largest freshwater lake in India.
»Wular is a natural lake that is a major part of the Jhelum River basin.
»Wular Lake is an important local fishery and stopover for migratory birds in the Central Asian Flyway, which helped it gain protection under the RAMSAR treaty for Wetlands of International Importance.
Loktak Lake
»Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater complex in northeastern India, located in Manipur State
»Loktak Lake is an important part of the drainage basins for the Manipur and Barak rivers.
»The lake encompasses part of Keibul Lamjao National Park and is home to floating islands of vegetation known as phumdis.
Damdama Lake
»Damdamaa reservoir in Sohna, Gurgaon district in the Indian state of Haryana.
»It is one of the biggest natural lakes in Haryana
Dal Lake
»Dal Lake is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir.
»The urban lake, which is the second largest in the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is named the "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel".
Pichola Lake
»Lake Pichola, situated in Udaipur city in the Indian state of Rajasthan, is an artificial fresh water lake, created in the year 1362 AD, named after the nearby Picholi village.
»Two islands, Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir are located within Pichola Lake.
Gurudongmar Lake
»Gurudongmar Lake, also known as Gurudogmar Lake, is one of the highest lakes in the world, located at an altitude of 17,800 ft (5,430 m) in the Indian state of Sikkim.
»It is a lake which is considered sacred by both Buddhists and Sikhs.
»The lake is named after Guru Padmasambhava, also known as Guru Rinpoche, founder of Tibetan Buddhism who visited the lake in the 8th century.
Chilka Lake
»Chilika lake is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 km2.
»It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world after The New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia.
»It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals
»In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
Vembanad Lake
»Vembanad (Vembanad Kayal or Vembanad Kol) is the longest lake in India, and the largest lake in the state of Kerala.
»It is also counted as one of the largest lakes in India. Spanning several districts in the state of Kerala, it is known as Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi.
» Several groups of small islands including Vypin, Mulavukad, Vallarpadam, Willingdon Island are located in the Kochi Lake portion.
»Kochi Port is built around the Willingdon Island, and the Vallarpadam island.
»The Nehru Trophy Boat Race is conducted in a portion of the lake.
»High levels of pollution have been noticed at certain hotspots of the Vembanad backwaters.
»Government of India has identified the Vembanad wetland under National Wetlands Conservation Programme.
Bhimtal Lake
»Bhimtal Lake is a lake in the town of Bhimtal, in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, with a masonry dam built in 1883 creating the storage facility.
»It is the largest lake in Kumaon region, known as the "lake district of India".
»The lake provides drinking water supply and supports aquaculture with variety of fish species.
»There is an island at the centre of the lake which has been developed as a tourist attraction and has an aquarium.
Upper lake
» Bhojtal, (Hindi: भोजताल), formerly known as Upper Lake is a large lake which lies on the western side of the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal.
» It is a major source of drinking water for the residents of the city, serving around 40% of the residents with nearly 30 million imperial gallons (140,000 m3) of water per day.
» Bada talaab, along with the nearby Chhota Talaab, meaning small lake in Hindi, constitute Bhoj Wetland, which is now a Ramsar site.
Pulicat Lake
» Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish water lake or lagoon in India, after Chilika Lake.
» It straddles the border of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states with over 96% of it in Andhra Pradesh and 3% in Tamil Nadu situated on the Coromandal Coast in South India.
» The lake encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary.
» The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lake from the Bay of Bengal and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Kolleru Lake
»Kolleru Lake is one of the largest freshwater lakes in India located in state of Andhra Pradesh 15 kilometers away from the city of Eluru.
»Kolleru is located between Krishna and Godavari deltas.
»Kolleru spans into two districts - Krishna and West Godavari.
»The lake is fed directly by water from the seasonal Budameru and Tammileru streams, and is connected to the Krishna and Godavari irrigation systems by over 67 major and minor irrigation canals.
»This lake is a major tourist attraction. Many birds migrate here in winter, such as Siberian crane, ibis, and painted storks.
»The lake was an important habitat for an estimated 20 million resident and migratory birds, including the grey or spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis).
»The lake was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 under India's Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, and designated a wetland of international importance in November 2002 under the international Ramsar Convention.



Frequently asked:
Largest fresh water lakes in Asia & India – Wular Lake, Kashmir
Largest artificial lake in Asia – Upper lake, Madhya Pradesh
Largest saline water lake in india – Chika lake, Orissa
Longest lake in India – Vembanad, Kerala
Highest Lake in india – Cholamu Lake, Sikkim

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