Important Articles Of Indian Constitution for Exams

Must Know / Important Articles of Indian Constitution (Brief)

Article 12 –35
Specify the Fundamental Rights available
Article 36-50
Specify the Directive Principles of state policy
Article 51A
Specifies the Fundamental Duties of every citizen
Article 80
Specifies the number of seats for the Rajya Sabha
Article 81
Specifies the number of seats for the Lok Sabha
Article 343
Hindi as official language
Article 356
Imposition of President’s Rule in states
Article 370
Special status to Kashmir
Article 395
Repeals India Independence Act and Government of India Act, 1935

Important Articles Of Indian Constitution

For/ Remarks
Article 1
Name and Territory of the Union.
Article 14
Relates to Right to Equality
Article 15
Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
Article 17
Abolishes the practice of untouchability
Article 18
Prohibits the state from conferring any title.
Article 19
Deals with six freedoms of Indian citizens namely, freedom of speech and expression
(d) freedom of movement throughout the territory of India
(e) freedom of residence and settlement in any part of India
(d) Freedom of occupation
Article 21
Provides protection to life and liberty to all persons
Article 21A
Right to elementary education.
Article 22
Affords protection against arbitrary arrest & detention
Article 23
Prohibits the traffic in human beings and beggars. (making a person work without wages or adequate compensation)
Article 24
Prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.
Articles 25-28
Relates to Right to freedom of religion
Article 32
Right to Constitutional Remedies described as ‘‘The heart and soul of the Constitution’’ by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
Article 36-51
Relates to Directive Principles of State Policy.
Article 39A
Free legal aid
Article 40
Deals with the formation of Panchayats
Article 44
Uniform Civil Code for the Citizens.
Article 45
Free and compulsory education to all children below 14 years of age.
Article 50
Separation of Judiciary
Article 51
Promotion of International peace & security
Article 51(A)
Relates to list of Fundamental Duties
Article 74
Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President
Article 110
Definition of Money Bills.
Article 112
Annual Financial Statement (Budget)
Article 123
Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament.
Article 262
Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of Inter
Article 312
All India Services
Article 315
Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the states.
Article 324
Relates to the Election Commission
Article 352
Gives provision regarding emergencies
Article 356
Proclamation of President’s Rule in the states.
Article 368
Amendment of the Constitution by the Parliament
Article 370
Special status to Jammu and Kashmir

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