Major Mountains & Mountain Ranges of the World

»Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth.
»High elevations on mountains produce colder climates than at sea level. These colder climates strongly affect the ecosystems of mountains: different elevations have different plants and animals.
»The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Asia, whose summit is 8,850 m (29,035 ft) above mean sea level.
»The highest known mountain on any planet in the Solar System is Olympus Mons on Mars at 21,171 m (69,459 ft).

Mountains of the World



Feature
Name
Highest mountain
Mt Everest (Nepal) 8,848 m
Highest mountain in Africa
Mt Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) 5895m
Highest mountain in Australia
Mt Kosciuszko 2234 m
Highest mountain in Europe
Mt Elbrus (Russia) 5642 m
Highest mountain in North America
Mt Denali* (Alaska, USA) 6187m
Highest mountain in South America
Mt Aconcagua (Argentina) 7021m
Highest mountain in Antarctica
Mt Vinson Massif
Mt Denali was earlier known as Mt McKinley and was renamed in 2015.

Mountain Ranges of the World

»A mountain range (also mountain barrier, belt, or system) is a geographic area containing numerous geologically related mountains.
»Most geologically young mountain ranges on the Earth's land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring of Fireor the Alpide Belt.
»The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand
»The Andes is 7,000 kilometres (4,350 mi) long and is often considered the world's longest mountain system
»The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, and ends in the Alps, Spain and Atlas Mountains.
»The Himalayas contain the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, which is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) high and traverses the border between China and Nepal.
Feature
Name
Length
Highest Point
Mountain range in Europe
The Alps
1,200 km
Mont Blanc, 4811 m
Mountain range in North America
The Rockies
4,800 km
Mount Elbert, 4 401 m
Mountain range in South America
The Andies
7,000 km
Mt Aconcagua
Mountain range in Africa
Drakensburg
1,000 km
Thabana Ntlenyana, 3 482 m
Mountain range in Australia
The Great Dividing Range
3,000 km
Mt Kosciuszko
Mountain ranges in Asia
Himalayas
2,400 km
Mt Everest
Mountain ranges in Asia
Karakoram
500 km
Mt K2, 8611 m

Mountain Ranges of the World and Countries



Range
Countries
The Alps
France, Austria, Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Italy, Germany and Switzerland
The Rockies
The U.S.A., Canada
The Andies
Ecuador, Chile, Columbia, Peru, Argentina, Bolivia and Venezuela
Drakensburg
South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland
Himalayas
Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, China, Bhutan and Myanmar
Karakoram
India, China and Pakistan

Eight Thousanders - Mountains above 8000m in height

»The eight-thousanders are the 14 independent mountains on Earth that are more than 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) high above sea level.
»All eight-thousanders are located in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges in Asia. They are the mountains whose summits are in the death zone.
Name
Location
Height
First Scaled
Mt Everest
Nepal
8,848 m
1953
Mt K2 or Godwin Austin
Karkoram, POK
8,611 m
1954
Kanchenjunga
Sikkim, India
8,586 m
1955
Lhotse
Nepal/China
8,516 m
1956
Makalu
Nepal/China
8,485 m
1955
Cho Oyu
Nepal/China
8,201 m
1954
Dhaulagiri
Nepal
8,167 m
1960
Manaslu
Nepal
8,163 m
1956
Nanga Parbat
Karkoram, POK
8,126 m
1953
Annapurna
Nepal
8,091 m
1950
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