Geographical Discoveries in the World


The Age of Discovery is an informal and loosely defined European historical period from the 15th century to the 18th century, marking the time in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and globalization. Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered during this period.
European overseas exploration led to the rise of global trade and the European colonial empires, with the contact between the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) and the New World (the Americas and Australia) producing the Columbian Exchange: a wide transfer of plants, animals, food, human populations (includingslaves), communicable diseases and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
Following is the list of important geographical discoveries and their discoverer.

List of Geographical Discoveries of the World

Geographical Discovery
Discoverer
America 
 Christopher Columbus (Italian)
Australia
Captain James Cook (England) in 1770
Brazil 
 Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese)
Cape of Good Hope 
 Bartholomew Diaz (Portuguese)
China 
 Marco Polo
Greenland 
 Norseman Eric
Hudson Bay 
 Henry Hudson
Island of Tasmania & New Zealand 
 Tasman (Dutch)
Lake Tanganyika 
 Richard Francis Burton
New Foundland 
 John Cabot
Nigeria river in Africa 
 Mungo park
North America 
 Leif Ericsson
North Pole 
 Robert Peary (USA)
Taoism 
 Lao Tse
Planets 
 Kepler
Sandwich (Hawaiin) Islands 
 Captian Cook (British)
Sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope 
 Vasco da Gama (Portuguese) in 1498
South Pole
 Amundsun (Norway)
Suez Canal 
 Ferdinand de Lesseps (Designed)
Victoria Falls 
 David Livingstone (British)


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